The Turkish government has developed legal and institutional reforms motivated by the ambitions of the country to become an EU member, demonstrating at the same time its high sensitivity to defamation and other online content “inappropriate”; these reforms have led to the closure of a number of local and international Web sites. All Internet traffic goes through the infrastructure of Turk Telecom, which allows a centralized control on online content and facilitates the implementation of blockades. In December 2010, the OpenNet Initiative, an organization based in Canada and the United States, which investigates, analyzes and disseminates filtering and surveillance practices on the Internet, classified the Internet censorship in Turkey as selective (in third place in their classification four levels) in political and social areas and found no evidence of censorship in conflict / security. Reporters Without Borders, including in 2011, Turkey in its list of 16 countries “under surveillance.” The year 2010 was marked by the release of the video-sharing site YouTube. Online censorship in Turkey still persists; in a country where abound taboo subjects, several thousand websites are still inaccessible and persist legal proceedings against journalists online).